Likelihood, Independence, and Bayes
In addition to regular probability, we often want to figure out how probability is affected by observing some event. For example, the NFL season is rife with possibilities. From the beginning of each season, fans start trying to figure out how likely it is that their favorite team will make the playoffs. After every game the team plays, these . . .
An Intro to Probability with R
The probability of an event represents the likelihood of the event to occur. For example, most of us would agree that the probability of getting a heads after flipping a fair coin is 0.5 or that the probability of getting a one on rolling a fair die is 1/6. However, there are many more places where we encounter probabilities in our lives. . . .